If you practice yoga, it is likely that you're heard some variation of this expression in the classes you attend: "Find ease within the effort of the posture", or "Find a steady, and relaxed seat". These instructions are inspired by Patanjali's Yoga Sutras, verse 2.46, which in Sanskrit is: Sthira sukham asanam, This sutra was the focus of the my Monday morning Hatha yoga class this week (at Hemma the Home of Yoga & Acupuncture www.hemma.ca).
In class, when sitting in meditation posture, or practicing asana, we are invited to notice where we need to apply effort. To sit in meditation, or to practice a posture correctly, we need to be attentive and alert. We need to engage certain muscles to find length in the spine, and to find good posture and good alignment in a pose. The mental effort required is to remain present, alert and attentive. This physical and mental effort, is "sthira": which can be translated to steady, strong, firm, alert.
From a Taoist perspective, which underlies Tai Chi & Qigong and other martial arts practices, we strive to find equanimity, a dynamic play and balancing of the opposite energies of life, the "yin" & the "yang". So the "effort" we apply is the "yang" aspect of our practice. In the west, we tend to overemphasize this part. We strive. We compete. We apply a lot of effort. For many of us, it's out of balance, and we compare ourselves unfavourable with some inner ideal, a picture of how we should look in a posture, or with others. We are hard on ourselves. We look around us and hope that we "measure up" to some imagined standard. There are many examples of an overbalance of "yang" in our culture that we have internalized.
But the yogic seers, the ancient Taoists, and many other wisdom traditions and Indigenous cultures knew the importance of balance. Yoga & Taoism both teach us that if we don't balance this effort with relaxation, with softness, even, and maybe especially, with kindness and compassion, we are really missing something, and somewhere inevitably causing damage. Yin balances Yang. Yang balances Yin. If it's all effort, we will cause damage internally through over-exertion & stress to our nervous system. There are many examples of how this overemphasis on Yang causes damage externally, in our world - socially, economically, environmentally. On the other side, of course, if it's all Yin, we just don't bother getting off the couch!
So when we sit to meditate, when we practice yoga asana, we bring in ease, we bring in the "yin" to compliment & balance the yang. The Sanskrit word "hatha", (hatha is the physical practice of yoga, the asanas, as opposed to Jnana yoga, or Bhakti yoga, or Mantra yoga). Hatha translates as "ha" sun, and "tha", moon. This refers to the balance of masculine aspects—active, hot, sun—and feminine aspects—receptive, cool, moon—within all of us. Hatha yoga is a path toward creating balance and uniting opposites.
So, back to our practice... In class, after we have moved into a tall seat or a posture, mentally scanned the body for good alignment, when we're engaging the appropriate muscles, and applying our focus and attention, we now turn our awareness to notice where we can soften. Where is there unnecessary tension or muscular holding in the body. And just as important, we can check our mental & emotional approach to what we're doing. Are we striving? Are we trying to achieve some outer ideal. Can we settle back into the felt sense in the body, and soften our approach? Can we soften our mind? Bring in some kindness & compassion. Maybe even brining in a metta phrase, such as "May I be at ease", "May my heart remain open".
To effort and focus AND be kind and compassionate - now that is a wise practice for "on the mat" & "off the mat"
May you stay & play in this dynamic dance of finding, losing, and finding balance.
Joy to your practice and your life!